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The unpredictable utilization of inorganic chemical fertilizers and pesticides in farming has prompted cause inconvenient issues concerning the natural ecosystem. Many beneficial resources have been killed directly or indirectly soil just as climate.

Haphazard utilization of inorganic fertilizers has caused soil and water contamination, causing weakening of the differing valuable microorganism and population in the soil. Organic Farming is getting scope in present-day with the assistance of natural assets.

The relationship with plant development and improvement with soil advantageous microorganisms is particularly fundamental and without microorganisms, in the soil, the plant can’t finish the life cycle.

Soil Beneficial Microorganisms

Valuable microorganisms in soil are cell animals that have a cooperative relationship with plant roots (rhizobia, mycorrhizal organisms, actinomycetes, diazotrophic microbes), advanced nutrient mineralization and accessibility, produce plant development hormones, and are enemies of plant irritations, parasites or diseases (biocontrol specialists).

The microorganisms which advance nutrient availability and production plant development hormones are assembled to Biofertilizers.

Biofertilizers: Plant Nutrient Potential

Biofertilizers have a place with nitrogen nutrient fixing, phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms, Zinc nutrient activating microscopic bacteria, and others.

Nitrogen biofertilizers fix atmospheric nitrogen into the soil in the accessible structures which can be promptly usable by plants. These incorporate Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum, blue-green growth (BGA), and Azolla. The Rhizobium group of biofertilizers requires a symbiotic relationship with the root knobs of vegetables to fix nitrogen; others can fix nitrogen freely.

Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms is said to secrete different organic acids which upgrade the take-up of phosphorus nutrient by plants changing over non-dissolvable complex compound phosphates to dissolved accessible basic compounds.

Importance of Biofertilizers in Organic Agriculture

Recovery of soil with the expansion of biofertilizers in agriculture assumes a significant role in improving soil parameters like fertility, nutrient elements, the decomposition of crop deposits and organic issues, soil microbial fauna, and flora population and at last enhancing soil health and crop yield.

Sometimes biofertilizers help in decreasing the requirement of chemical fertilizers during specific crop production.

Reports from research-oriented works have illustrated some conclusions

1. Utilization of Rhizobium biofertilizers in pulse crops has altogether upgraded the agronomic yield attributes in cooler temperatures.

2. Utilization of Azospirillum, biofertilizers in grain crops have improved the leaf territory and yield properties.

3. 3. Azotobacter chroococcum biofertilizers have a positive effect on development and advancement in maize and Wheat crops and have expanded yield significantly when compared with control plots without Azatobacter biofertilizer.

4. The biofertilizers likewise upgrade the soil alkaline phosphatase movement and other enzymatic exercises.

Constraints for Effectiveness of Biofertilizers

  • Proper additional consideration should be taken in packaging, transportation, method of application, time of use and capacity are required for better effectiveness of biofertilizers.
  • The nature of the transporter material of biofertilizers influences the timeframe of realistic usability and should be taken into consideration.
  • Skilled manpower is required while applying the biofertilizers for better efficacy.
  • During fermentation, the biofertilizers may experience changes and execution possibly obstructed.

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