ORGANIC FARMING IN INDIA AGROJAY INNOVATIONS PVT LTD
Nature is the best instructor for farming. At whatever point we hear of organic farming, the roots return to India and China where farming continued for over 4000 years. Natural farming is a strategy for developing the land and developing crops in such a manner to keep the health of the soil intact and keep the soil microorganisms alive by utilizing natural waste materials as cows waste, agricultural waste, aquatic waste. This additionally guarantees the utilization of useful microorganisms (Biofertilizers) which makes soil and air nutrients accessible to the crops for expanded crop creation for an eco-friendly pollution-free environment.
ADAPTATION OF ORGANIC FARMING IN INDIA
For different reasons, organic farming has been received by Indian farmers. First classes of organic farmers are the individuals who are traditionally practicing the natural method for development because of the absence of accessibility of high concentrated info assets. These farmers are following natural farming under impulse as they are situated in no-information or low info use zones. The second class of farmers incorporates ensured and un affirmed farmers who as of late received organic farming subsequent to understanding the evil impacts of ordinary agribusiness regarding the loss of soil ripeness, food poisonousness, expanded information costs, or diminishing business sector esteem. The third classification of organic farmers incorporates the dominant part of confirmed ranchers and undertakings which have underlined the deliberate appropriation of natural development in India to catch the developing business sector openings and costs. The whole information accessible on natural horticulture today relies upon the third class of business farmers and ventures who are drawing in most consideration.
The guaranteed organic agriculture has developed to right around 29 times from 42000 ha in 2003–04 to 4.48 million ha before the finish of March 2010. Out of 4.48 million hectares of natural confirmation land, 1.98 million ha represents developed land region, and staying 3.4 million ha is a wild woodland reap region. India represents around 50 % of absolute natural cultivators on the planet on account of the little property with every maker. The administrative instrument for natural items originates from the National Program on Organic Production (NPOP) which is managed under two unique represents fare and household markets.
The nation’s organic item send out export will be taken care of by NPOP informed under the Foreign Trade Development and Regulation Act (FTDR). USDA has likewise acknowledged the congruity appraisal of NPOP so the item guaranteed under NPOP by any Indian affirmation organization can be sent out to Sweden, Europe, and the USA without the necessity of re-confirmation. NPOP has been told under Agriculture Produce Grading, Marking and Certification Act (APGMC) to take care of the import and local markets. There are around 18 licensed accreditation offices that are taking care of the prerequisite of the affirmation process. Out of which 4 organizations are under open part while staying 14 are under private administration.
MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ORGANIC FARMING INCLUDES
1. Use of Green manuring crops
3. Crop rotation
4. Biological management like inter cultivation, mixed cropping, mixed farming, etc
5. Animal husbandry
7. Organic manures and Biofertilizers
ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING
1. Reduces pesticide and chemical residue in the soil
Organic farming limits the utilization of pesticides and chemicals thereby lessening the major environmental issues. It guarantees the health of the soil, water, air, and flora. Additionally lessens the major natural issues like soil disintegration, air pollution, water contamination, etc.
2. Organic farming fights against Global warming
One of the investigations demonstrated that the consistent utilization of organic farming practices decreases the carbon dioxide content in the air and helps in moderate environmental change.
3. Organic farming ensures water conservation and controls water pollution
Because of the runoff and draining of pesticides and chemicals, the water supplies are getting polluted and killing numerous aquatic flora. Organic farming helps in keeping our water supplies unpolluted and clean by halting dirtied chemical and pesticide spillover.
4. Organic farming preserves animal health and welfare
Pesticides and chemical sprays disturb and destroy the natural habitat of the majority of insects, birds, fishes, etc. On the opposite organic farming helps in protecting the regular territory alongside empowering birds and other characteristic predators to live cheerfully in the farmland which acts like natural pest control.
5. Organic farming encourages biodiversity
Organic farming diminishes the utilization of pesticides, herbicides, and other destructive chemical substances which wash off the significant soil flora. By empowering Organic farming, normal plants, birds, and animals will endure and be abundant in the regular natural environment thereby keeping up the biological balance.