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Major Types of Farming Practices Seen in India

Major Types of Farming Practices Seen in India

Major Types of Farming Practices Seen in India

Physical and human variables have assumed their respective parts to offer rise to various kinds of farming in various pieces of the country. A record of significant types of farming is as under:

1. Subsistence farming:

Most of the farmers in the nation, practicing subsistence farming. Famer's develop little and scattered holdings with the assistance of draught animals and family relatives. Strategies are primitive and apparatuses are basic. The current modern farm carries are practically missing.

Farmers are too poor to even think about buying fertilizers and high-yielding varieties of seeds because of which the efficiency in productivity is low, Facilities like electricity power, water irrigation system, and credit are severely inadequate. Accordingly, the farmer and his family, relatives consume the whole farm production and don't have any excess ranch production to sell to the market. The primary accentuation is on food crops although some different harvests like sugarcane, oilseeds, cotton, jute, tobacco additionally possess a significant place in certain zones.

Large scope improvement has been introduced in Indian farming after Independence. Farming strategies were improved and the holdings turned out to be enormous and appropriate as a result because of consolidation. Mechanization of agriculture expanded.

2. Plantation farming:

Plantation farming was presented in India by the Britishers in the nineteenth century. This kind of agriculture includes developing and preparing a solo cash crop absolutely implied available for sale. Huge capital info, tremendous estate, managerial capacity, specialized expertise, complex farm machinery apparatus, fertilizer, best transport facilities, and a factory for handling the products are a portion of the extraordinary highlights of plantation farming.

There are plantations of rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, banana, flavors, coconut, and so on. This sort of farming is rehearsed fundamentally in Assam, sub-Himalayan West Bengal, and in the Nilgiri, Anaimalai, and Cardamom Hills in the south.

3. Shifting farming:

This is again one type of farming. In this farming, a small piece of forest land is taken for farming. The forest land cleared cutting, felling, and burning the trees by the tribal people. They will do farming on this land and after 2-3 years once the fertility of the cleared forestland soil is decreased, they abandoned the place, and the tribe shifts to another part of the forestland.

The cycle proceeds and the farmers again move to the primary forestland part after a gap duration of 10-15 years. This sort of farming is practiced over a territory of 54 lakh hectares, 20 lakh hectares being cleared each year. Dry paddy, buckwheat, maize, little millets, tobacco and sugarcane are the crops developed under this sort of farming.

This is a primitive and crude technique for development that brings results about enormous scope deforestation and soil disintegration particularly on the slope sides causing devastating floods in the fields below. Around 1,000,000 hectares of land are degraded each year because of shifting farming.

Accordingly, there is an urgent need to put a check on this practice. For this reason, the tribal peoples should be educated about the harm brought about by this practice to the natural organic source like vegetation and soil.