INTER CROPPING AND ITS ADVANTAGES AGROJAY
Intercropping is work on including growing at least two crops at the same time on an equivalent land. The fundamental favorable position of Intercropping is getting more significant returns from a similar land which in any case not be used by a single crop.
Intercropping needs cautious arranging wherein the soil, water, atmosphere, light, and so on. While arranging Intercropping it is important to choose the crops which don’t rival each other for space, nutrient, water, or daylight. It is fitting to develop crops like shallow established harvests with profound established crops, tall crops with a short plant, conceal cherishing plant with light requiring plants, early developing plant with late-developing plant, etc. Such arranging will guarantee the additional yield advantage for the farmers from various crops.
Intercropping likewise helps in giving shared advantages to the crops. For example, developing vegetables alongside grains, vegetables will fix climatic nitrogen in the soil and consequently improving the nitrogen take-up to the adjoining plants.
Developing light touchy plants alongside the tall plants gives a shade which in any case was wasted. For Example, in the multi-level cropping system, the tall plants like Coconut, arecanut involve the top level followed by banana, bhendi which possess center level and short plants like pineapple, ginger, vegetables, beetroot, etc involve the lower covering/level which will guarantee great crop overhang and more significant returns from various crop sources.
Intercropping additionally gives great biodiversity by giving a habitat for a variety of insects, soil organisms, etc which give nitrogen fixation and fixing other significant supplements in the soil which will be deficient in single crop conditions..
The other main advantage of intercropping is pest management. Following good intercropping practices reduces the crop pest outbreaks by increasing the predator biodiversity. Also avoiding mono cropping will control and manage the biological dispersal of pest organisms through the crop.
Intercropping additionally goes about as crop insurance during crop disappointment because of unexpected climate conditions. It likewise goes about like a soil conservator and limits the weed development because of good overhang spread. It will likewise guarantee better usage of supplements and composts which in any case be wasted through overflow and drain. Crops can likewise be developed in exchange strips running opposite to the incline of the land subsequently preserving soil from erosion and depletion.
The fundamental disadvantage in intercropping is yield variety because of various serious capacities of crops. Additionally, inter development exercises will be hard to lead because of crop density. Harvesting will be difficult.
With the negligible disadvantage, Intercropping is advantageous to the farmers whenever made do with appropriate arranging and direction to get an additional source of income.
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