FARM MECHANIZATION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE BY AGROJAY
Farm mechanization has been known to give various economic and social advantages to farmers. Essential among the economic advantages is the improved yield that comes because of the greater degree of mechanization. Approaching water shortage emergency alongside the need to guarantee food security in the nation, the advantages of farm mechanization makes it a crucial part of shaping the eventual future of Indian agriculture.
Mechanization Modernization of agriculture requires proper appropriate for guaranteeing machinery for convenient timely field activities, viable use of agricultural sources of info, and reducing drudgery in farming. India has a high portion of work (55 %) with a lesser contribution to farm mechanization (40 %). India makes farming less profitable and prompts farmers’ neediness. While the USA (2.5 %) and Western Europe (3.9 %) have an exceptionally low portion of work in contrast with 95 percent portion of mechanization.
Farm mechanization and utilization of present-day gadgets/machines/types of equipment/tools for timely and effective finishing of various activity in the rural field is one of the most significant variables for maximizing productivity. Smaller machines reasonable for plant tasks in the slopes and mountains will likewise improve activity viability and farm income. Farm mechanization will assist with improving the general efficiency and decreases input cost 15–20 percent reserve funds in seeds, 15–20 percent investment funds in fertilizers, 5–20 increment in cropping intensity, 20–30 percent investment funds in time, 20–30 percent decrease in difficult work and 10–15 percent by and large increment in Farm profitability. Utilization of Modern Irrigation Methods The Availability of water is generally basic for expanding the profitability in agriculture.
In India, around 78 percent of water goes to the horticulture division, while the rest of the part shared out between drinking, industry, and other use. The water system is critical to the worldwide food supply as 18 percent of the world’s irrigated farmland yields 40 percent of the world’s food. In any case, under 4 percent of the world’s irrigated land is equipped with micro-irrigation scale water system frameworks. There is have to receive present-day strategies for water systems like drip and sprinkler water systems. Contrasted and traditional flood ora furrow water system, drip techniques can diminish the volume of water applied to fields by up to 70 percent, while expanding crop yields by 20–90 percent.
Some key advantages of farm mechanization are:
Increment in crop intensity and yield, therefore, guaranteeing better comes back to the farmer
Decrease of climate risk and danger of non-accessibility of work in this minimizing limiting post-harvest wastages
Improved working conditions and upgraded safety for the farmer
Transformation of uncultivable land to agricultural land through advanced tilling technologies
Moving area utilized for feed and fodder cultivation for draft animals towards food grain creation
One of the primary disputes of expanded farm mechanization has been that it has influenced farm level business. Be that as it may, historic trends indicated the contrary.
Simultaneously, the commitment of human work to farm power expanded near 50 percent during a similar period.