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The COVID-19 has raised worldwide worries on food and nutrition security. India has not seen quick serious disturbances in the food framework during the pandemic basically because of good harvests in the past crop seasons; adequate buffer supply of grains and a slew of welfare estimates proclaimed by the Government to secure vulnerable populaces for example smallholder ranchers, horticultural workers, migrant laborers, etc.

The effects of environmental change on the agriculture area are significant. The test of lack of healthy malnutrition adds to that trouble. These difficulties are presently exacerbated by the variabilities because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The lockdown during the COVID 19 pandemic has raised serious worries on diminished admittance to nutritious food sources by the vulnerable segments of the general public. This calls for affirmative activities on making protected and nutritious food accessible, accessible, and reasonable.

The following pathways are recommended to change the food frameworks to handle the twin difficulties of environmental change and the burden of malnutrition:

1. Refocusing public policies and investments:

A food frameworks change in India requires repurposing of existing farming policies. Fundamental approach systems like the Minimum Support Price (MSP) and the Public Distribution Systems (PDS), combined with subsidies on the water irrigation system, power, and ranch inputs, are in favor of harvests like rice and wheat.

Harvest diversification is regularly recommended to correct such legacy incentives, yet except if ranchers' pay from alternative yields is settled, they may not change to another crop creation framework. The move-in rancher's behavior must be conceivable with appropriate financial incentives during the progress (making quality input sources, for example, seeds affordable and accessible), value-chain strengthening, and efforts to change customer behavior.

Likewise, investments in the animal husbandry area ought to be sought after thinking about the rising interest in meat, dairy items, and eggs. Expansion to small ruminants, backyard poultry, and aquaculture turns out extra revenue to smallholder ranchers and the landless poor.

The reverse movement that has been accounted for from the Green Revolution belt during the current COVID 19 pandemic has offered an exceptional, yet unique chance. The development of farming workers from urban communities to their towns has now constrained a few states to advance harvests like maize, soybean, cotton, and so on in the progressing rainy season.

2. Strengthening sustainable value chains:

Since Indian horticulture is overwhelmed by smallholders, aggregating small ranches (like little farms, enormous field ideas in Vietnam) could help diminish exchange costs for getting value chains. This will likewise counterbalance scale disadvantages and advantage the ranchers to access the input sources, innovation, and the market.

Agricultural creation should focus on high-esteem rural outcomes like natural fruits, vegetables, and dairy items. To the extent practicable, essential handling facilities ought to be set up nearer to the farm doors. Digital horticulture tools could help makers to assemble market intelligence and accommodate better administration of the whole value chain.

Government strategies to incentivize agri-tech new companies and the private area, and to create logistics to strengthen value chains ought to be focused on. The inefficiencies saw in the horticultural supply chains, especially of perishables, during the lockdown time, can be reasonably tended to by utilization of smart advancements (AI artificial intelligence; blockchain, and so on) and empowering internet e-commerce business and delivery organizations. Openings for smallholder ranchers with a positive market appetite should be tackled. Operationalizing local acquirement of oats, pulses, millets, and other nutritious food things for government programs like the ICDS and MDM would help accomplish nutritional results.

The Agriculture Infrastructure Funds submitted by the Government of India in its improvement project under the Atmanirbhar Bharat, the as of late promulgated Ordinances on agricultural exchange and trade (horticultural marketing) just as value confirmation and farm administrations understanding (contract farming) and advancement of FPOs would be gainful for ranchers with effective execution and participation by the States.

3. Consumer Behavior Change:

In the post-COVID 19 periods, buyers across the range will need to receive diets that can help their immune frameworks.

To make customers interest in a food framework with low health risks, the government authority should make conduct behavior change campaigns in the country and underserved populaces. Such campaigns may not be adequate to accomplish behavioral changes. A few different variables, similar to taste, reasonableness, affordability, accommodation, and realizing how to set up the ideal food products in an acceptable manner would impact the change cycle.

Government projects can be extraordinary conveyance channels to use nutritious food items in India.

4. Investing in Research and Innovation:

Upgraded assignments for research only dedicated to nutrition-sensitive agriculture, would be a gainful investment. Growing localized production of diverse and bio-fortified yields ought to be a priority thing for the agrarian extension framework. Additionally, environmental change's effects on the nutritional substance of food crops should be examined to make the important rectifications.

Of late, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), has created and delivered a decent number of bio-fortified varieties, like zinc-and protein-rich rice and high-protein quality, and nutrient A-rich maize. ICRISAT has created and delivered India's first bio-fortified sorghum assortment, Parbhani Shakti, in Maharashtra. The research community ought to likewise seek after bio-fortification of non-staple yields, like pulses.

While the COVID-19 pandemic will expectedly drive significant public investments towards health framework and related assets, we ought not to omit the under-contributed farming research and development eco-framework, as that would irreversibly harm the area.

5. Inter-sectoral synergy:

Coordination between different government bodies is fundamental to accomplish desired objectives of nutrition-sensitive projects. While the public or state governments address bigger policy level issues, successful coordination at the regional and local levels (blocks or panchayats) should deal with operational issues. In the post COVID 19 situation, eliminating the obstacles of siloed approach in the public delivery framework and governance will decidedly pay off.

Multiple components of preparation interventions and execution are crucial for accomplishing practical and nutritious food frameworks. Agricultural strategies should reorient towards practical food creation frameworks that fundamentally focus around environment flexibility and nutrition and limit risks to the ranchers, their families, and networks.